LIFE 220 - Fundamentals of Ecology (GT-SC2)

  • 3 credits
View available sections

Interrelationships among organisms and their environments.

This course meets the All-University Core Curriculum (AUCC) requirements for Biological/Physical Sciences (Category 3A) and is approved under gtPathways in the content area of Natural and Physical Sciences without Lab (GT-SC2).

This course can be applied toward:


BIO 100 to 199 or BZ 100 to 199 or LIFE 100 to 199 or HORT 100 (Horticultural Science) and MATH 100 to 199. Credit not allowed for more than one of the following: LIFE 220/LAND 220 or LIFE 320.

Textbooks and Materials

Textbooks and materials can be purchased at the CSU Bookstore unless otherwise indicated.


  • Elements of Ecology, 9th Ed.
    Smith, Robert L. and Smith, Thomas M.
    ISBN: 978-0321934185


Patrick Miller

Originally from Olney, Illinois, Dr. Miller attended Purdue University from 1982 to 1986 and received a B.S. degree in agronomy. He began his working career at Walt Disney World, The Land at EPCOT Center, in 1986 as a greenhouse intern. Returning to college after working for a time, he received his M.S. degree in agronomy from Texas A&M University in 1989. He then relocated from Texas to California where he was employed by a crop protection company. Returning to school again after several years, he studied weed science at Colorado State University and received his doctorate in 1998. Dr. Miller has taught online Biology and Botany classes for the Colorado Community Colleges Online (CCCO), and currently offers “Weed Management and Control” as well as “Elements of Ecology” courses through Colorado State University.

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