This course is offered through the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute (OLLI) at Colorado State University. You must be a member of Osher to enroll in this course.
During 1941-42 British Commonwealth armies captured iraq, occupied Southern Persia, overcame French Vichy forces in Syria, and secured their positions in Egypt. Britain’s strongholds of Malta, Gibraltar, Alexandria, Cyprus, Palestine, and the Suez Canal persevered. After two and a half years of back and forth combats, at the Second Battle of El Alamein, the Commonwealth Eighth Army defeated the Axis forces and traversed Libya into Tunisia. In November 1942, Anglo-American forces landed in Vichy held French Morocco and Algeria (Operation Torch). The Tunisia campaign followed.
By May 1943, the crushed Axis troops in Africa surrendered. The opening blows against Hitler’s "Fortress Europe" started from the Mediterranean.
Noncredit courses do not produce academic credit nor appear on a Colorado State University academic transcript.