LAND 220 - Fundamentals of Ecology (GT-SC2)

  • 3 credits
  • Online

Interrelationships among organisms and their environments.

This course meets the All-University Core Curriculum (AUCC) requirements for Biological/Physical Sciences (Category 3A) and is approved under gtPathways in the content area of Natural and Physical Sciences without Lab (GT-SC2).


Three credits of 100-level biology or HORT 100 (Horticultural Science); three credits of 100-level mathematics. Credit allowed for only one of the following: LIFE 320, LAND 220, LIFE 220, SOCR 220.

Textbooks and Materials

Textbooks and materials can be purchased at the CSU Bookstore unless otherwise indicated.


  • Elements of Ecology, 8th Ed. (2012)
    Smith, Robert L. and Smith, Thomas M.
    ISBN: 978-0321736079